Building Bridges

Therapeutic Approaches

Person Centred Therapy (PCT)

Buildin Bridges PCT was developed, by Carl Rogers in the 40s. The person centred approach views the client as the expert within their experience, it also believes the client is fully capable of experiencing their full potential within their lives. This approach best suits clients who have a strong urge in the direction of exploring themselves and their feelings. Rogers believes that if the therapist uses what he describes are the core conditions within the therapeutic relationship that the client has the freedom and the power to discover their own potential to happiness. He believes if the therapist is congruent with the client, provides the client with unconditional regard and shows real empathic understanding of the clients they can pretty much deal with any situation as it presents itself. The emphasis is strongly put on the relationship as to the outcome of the therapeutic relationship. As the client experiences the therapist caring for all aspects of their lives, this allows growth and value to take a natural progression, as clients are real with themselves and the therapeutic process.

Choice Theory (CT)

CT was developed in the United States by William Glasser. CT is a biological theory which explains both the psychological and physiological behaviour of human beings. This theory maintains that a behaviour used is a behaviour best used at a given time to get the needs met of a person. Glasses contends we have five basic needs and they drive all behaviours. These needs are, survival, belonging, freedom, power and fun. It's when clients don't believe there needs are been met they behave in certain ways. CT contends that we can only control our own behaviour and not the behaviour of others. At times people get stuck with trying to match what Glasser describes as our quality world pictures, which are made up of pictures of how we would like the world to be and the real world. When our perceived world does not match our quality world we use behaviours we believe will bring these pictures together. This is where people can run into problems as they start to experience difficulty with other people. In order to satisfy needs people must behave, which is where this approach looks at Total Behaviour. This means acting, thinking, feeling and physiology. The key to this approach is learning and understanding that clients can make more positive choices within their life. For the most part clients are aware of the feelings associated with their dilemma and not as much on the other components. Through teaching and enabling the client to explore all components to TB, they develop a greater understanding to their situation and more importantly how to make more positive lasting choices.

Reality Therapy

"Today I am trusting the urge to move ahead ... to grow ... to risk new directions."

- Ruth Fishel
Reality Therapy (based on 'Choice Theory', founded by William Glasser), is a problem solving approach to daily living. A central theory of Reality Therapy (RT) upholds that, the root cause of much of human suffering is caused by relationship problems (i.e., the inability to get close to others, connect to, or have a nourishing relationship with others). Its idea also believes that all of our behavior is an attempt to meet our psychological needs. It is when these needs are unmet that distress, unhappiness and dissatisfaction result. Reality Therapy, also emphasises the links between how we think, feel and behave. Reality Therapy suggests ways to you that you can: recognize the reasons for your, worries and unhappiness. To improve more positive future relationships, identify what it is you want, helps identify which behaviours are helping. Helps you choose behaviours which meet your needs increasing more effective control of your life.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

Albert Ellis, the father of cognitive-behavioural therapy and founder of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT), discovered that people's beliefs strongly affected their emotional functioning. In particular certain irrational beliefs made people feel depressed, anxious or angry and led to self-defeating behaviours. Our acting, thinking, feeling and physiology choices we make in our thinking and acting greatly affect our feelings and physiology. Therefore CBT approach provides a model for understanding the relationships between our thoughts, feelings, behavior or actions and how we physically feel within ourselves Different CBT models have been developed for working with different issues or difficulties, but mostly the approach focuses on developing a deeper understanding of the thought patterns and behaviours maintaining a problem. Cognitive Behaviours Therapy can be used to treat a variety of conditions.